Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are hard, crystal-like deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause severe pain and discomfort. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including diet, dehydration, genetics, and certain medical conditions. Here are some important things to know about kidney stones:


  • Dehydration: When the body doesn’t have enough fluids, it can’t properly flush out minerals and other substances, leading to the formation of kidney stones.
  • Diet: Consuming high amounts of certain foods, such as oxalate-rich foods (spinach, rhubarb, peanuts, etc.), salt, and animal protein can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism, cystinuria, and renal tubular acidosis can increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Genetics: A family history of kidney stones can increase the likelihood of developing them.


  • Pain in the back, abdomen, or sides
  • Painful urination
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever and chills (if there is an infection)


  • Pain management: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help relieve pain associated with kidney stones.
  • Medical intervention: If the stones are too large to pass on their own or are causing a blockage, medical intervention such as lithotripsy or surgery may be necessary.
  • Fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids, especially water, can help flush out the kidneys and prevent the formation of new stones.


  • Hydration: Drinking plenty of fluids, especially water, can help prevent the formation of kidney stones.
  • Diet: Eating a balanced diet low in salt and animal protein, and avoiding high-oxalate foods, can also help reduce the risk of kidney stones.
  • Medication: Certain medications can help prevent the formation of kidney stones, such as thiazide diuretics, which reduce the amount of calcium in the urine.

Do’s and don’ts:

  • Do drink plenty of fluids, especially water
  • Do eat a balanced diet low in salt and high-oxalate foods
  • Do take any prescribed medications as directed
  • Don’t consume excessive amounts of salt, animal protein, or high-oxalate foods
  • Don’t avoid drinking fluids or holding in urine for prolonged periods of time
  • Don’t take calcium supplements without consulting a healthcare provider first


  • It’s important to be aware of the risk factors for kidney stones and take steps to prevent their formation.
  • If you experience any symptoms of kidney stones, seek medical attention promptly.
  • Maintaining good hydration and a healthy diet can help prevent kidney stones and promote overall kidney health.