Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Nearly 1 in 3 people with diabetes and 1 in 5 people with high blood pressure have kidney disease.

  • Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min)
  • Stage 2 Mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)
  • Stage 3A Moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
  • Stage 3B Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min)
  • Stage 4 Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
  • Stage 5 End Stage CKD (GFR <15 mL/min)

The best way to diagnose CKD is to do a serum creatinine and calculate GFR along with a urine protein test and ultrasonography of lower abdomen.


  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Sleep problems.
  • Urinating more or less.
  • Decreased mental sharpness.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Memory loss.

There are two main types of kidney disease – short-term (acute kidney injury) and lifelong (chronic).

Blood test for GFR

Do a GFR check every year.GFR calculator is in our website. A GFR of less than 60 may mean you have kidney disease. Talk with your health care provider about how to keep your kidney health at this level. A GFR of 15 or less is called End stage Renal disease

There’s no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and stop its progression.There may be acute cause for renal failure which are fully treatable Your treatment will depend on the stage of your CKD. The main treatments are: lifestyle changes – to help you stay as healthy as possible.

Ten ways to manage kidney disease

  • Control your blood pressure.
  • Meet your blood glucose goal if you have diabetes.
  • Work with your health care team to monitor your kidney health.
  • Take medicines as prescribed.
  • Work with a dietitian to develop a meal plan.
  • Make physical activity part of your routine.
  • Aim for a healthy weight.

Kidney disease can develop at any time, but those over the age of 60 are more likely than not to develop kidney disease. As people age, so do their kidneys.